Ontario Fire Code Information

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Ontario Fire Code Information

Post: # 47964Post Flipping4Profit.ca
Wed May 01, 2019 1:07 pm

Ontario Fire Code Information

Bill 140

In 2010, the Ontario Government introduced Bill 140: Strong Communities through Affordable Housing Act, 2011. This bill required municipalities to implement official plan policies and zoning by-law provisions to allow basement suites in single family detached, semi-detached and some townhouses.

This Act came into effect on January 1st, 2012, without a deadline as to when each municipality needs to bring their planning documents to conform with the requirements of Bill 140.
Ontario Fire Code Information

Owners of houses containing two self-contained residential units (dwelling units) are now required to bring their buildings into compliance with the new fire safety regulation adopted under the Ontario Fire Code. Tenants in these buildings are entitled to ask their landlords to make sure that the fire regulations are met.

Some of these Regulations are summarized below.
1.0 What is a Dwelling Unit?

A dwelling unit is a room or suite of rooms operated as a self-contained housekeeping unit that includes independent cooking, eating, living, sleeping and bathroom facilities.
2.0 Buildings Covered by the New Fire Code Regulation?

The regulation applies to detached houses, and semi-detached houses, and row houses that contain two existing dwelling units. The two dwelling units may be located anywhere in the house.
3.0 What are the Requirements?

In general, the regulation contained in the Ontario Fire Code addresses four fire safety issues:
3.1 Fire separation

The owner has three options for compliance with the fire separation for each dwelling unit
3.2 Means of Escape.

Four options are provided for compliance with the means of escape from each dwelling unit.
3.3 Smoke Alarms

Depending on the option selected for fire separation and means of escape, it may be necessary to install electrically wired, interconnected smoke alarms throughout the house. Interconnected smoke alarms are designed to sound simultaneously when any one smoke alarm is activated, providing early warning to all occupants of the house at the same time.

Where interconnected smoke alarms are not installed, every dwelling unit must be equipped with a battery operated or electrically wired smoke alarm on every floor level that contains a bedroom or sleeping area.

All smoke alarms must be maintained in working condition, and they must be audible in the bedrooms when the bedroom door is closed.
3.4 Electrical Safety

The owner must also arrange for the house to be inspected by "the Electrical Safety Authority" and to correct all fire safety hazards identified through this inspection.
3.5 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Carbon Monoxide alarms are required in buildings with fuel fired appliances OR attached garage.

These carbon monoxide alarms are to be located outside sleeping areas.
4.0 Who is Responsible For Complying With the Regulation?

The owner is responsible for complying with the provisions of the Ontario Fire Code. Penalties for non-compliance can be up to $50,000 fines and up to one year in prison for individuals.

Owners should be aware that bringing existing houses into compliance with the new regulation may require repairs or alterations for which a building permit is needed under the Building Code Act.

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